What is a “True” Bantam Chicken?
Bantam chickens have been created from existing breeds that were originally far larger and as such are smaller versions of their larger counterparts. The bantam Barnevelder for instance, looks just like the large fowl, only around a third of the size.
This is thanks too two genes that cause miniaturisation and painstaking breeding by fanciers which has aloud them to breed smaller but otherwise identical chickens. This is not the case with true bantams as there was not a larger version to start from and alot of the true bantams are older than most modern breeds of chicken.
Another distinguishing feature of the true bantams is the are exclusively for the show bench and although the eggs are edible they do not produce many and they are very small. Below is a Serama.
True bantam breeds have no large version of the same breed, unlike how Poodles of the dog world have a closely related larger relative. They’re the few chickens that only come in Extra Small with no large fowl counterpart.